The Wye upstream of Hay-on-Wye is a fast, bedrock dominated river interspersed with sections of shale and gravel. This dramatic part of the Wye offers excellent fly fishing for salmon in higher water conditions, along with the main stem's best trout and grayling fishing. Along with the Dee, it is probably rated as Wales's premier grayling waters where they are renowned for both their size and numbers . There are also some good coarse fishing opportunities, especially for chub, pike and dace. Wading can be difficult in places, although some beats are easier than others.
The upper Wye's tributaries also offer a variety of small stream trout fishing. The steep sided valleys of the rocky, high gradient streams such as the Edw and Clettwr can be a challenge but they are great places to lose yourself for a day. Meanwhile, the more leisurely paced upper main stem and tributaries like the Llynfi and Llynfi Dulas are easier to access and wade.
Wye Booking Office beats are shown as orange markers on the map to the right, Wild Stream beats are shown with grey markers.
Certain parts of the main stem of the upper Wye have canoe access arrangements, the details for which can be seen here.